A Collegium of the Roman Republic Cultural Group
The purpose of this collegium is to establish a group, a focal point and a basis for international community for those interested in Mithraism and its history, study, research, revive and practice the Roman Cult of Mithras. Thus, this group aims to unite believers, mithraists (cultists), historians, researchers, re-enactors, artisans and other enthusiasts of Cultus Mithrae.
In accordance with the provisions of the Declaration of the Roman Republic, a model of the organizational structure of this collegium should, if possible, conform to the spirit, organization and model of the Roman Cult of Mithras or Mithraism.
«Cultus Mithrae» is the main name of this collegium, but «the Roman cult of Mithras», «Cult of Mithras», «Cult» or «Cultus», can also be used on a par with that name.
A. 1st Officer of the Cultus Mithrae – The Cult of Mithras is led by a Pater Patrum (Father of Fathers), who shall serve as President and Spiritual leader of the Cultus. Pater Patrum is elected by a simple majority of the Collegium Patrum from among the Patrum. The Pater Patrum is in office as long as he is not abandon it, or is not removed by two-thirds vote of the Collegium Patrum. The Pater Patrum must be a registered citizen of the Roman Republic Cultural Group and a member of the Ordo Patricius or the Ordo Equester.
B. 2nd Officer of the Cultus Mithrae – The Pater (Father) shall serve as the First Vice-President of the Collegium. Simultaneously there can be no more than twelve Patrum. Pater is elected by a simple majority of the Collegium Patrum from among the Heliodromus or Perses. The Pater is in office as long as he is not abandon it, or is not removed by two-thirds vote of the Collegium Patrum. The Pater must be a registered citizen of the Roman Republic Cultural Group and a member of the Ordo Patricius or the Ordo Equester. The Collegi? Founder, T. Flavius Severus, shall hold the position of for life.
C. 3rd Officer of the Cultus Mithrae – The Heliodromus (Sun-Runner) shall serve as the Second Vice-President of the Collegium. The Heliodromus is the head of a large regional branch of the Cultus with no less than two Mithraeum. The Heliodromus is in office as long as he is not abandon it, or is not removed by two-thirds vote of the Collegium Patrum. The Heliodromus must be a registered citizen of the Roman Republic Cultural Group and a member of the Ordo Patricius or the Ordo Equester.
D. 4th Officer of the Cultus Mithrae – The Perses (Persian) shall serve as the Third Vice-President of the Collegium. The Perses is the leader of the Mithraeum - a local group (community) of five or more mithraists, each must be a registered citizen of the Roman Republic Cultural Group and have possess sufficient knowledge. The candidacy for Perses must be approved by a majority of the members of staff of the Mithraeum. It is recommended for the Perses to be a member of the Ordo Patricius or the Ordo Equester, they must be registered citizen of the Roman Republic Cultural Group. The Perses may be removed from office by a majority of members the Mithraeum.
E. Leo (Lion) – is a priest of Mithra, who is not the head of Mithraeum. The Leo shall be appointed by the mithraists of local community or one of the superior officers listed in sections II.A-D. The Leo must be a registered citizen of the Roman Republic Cultural Group and have possess sufficient knowledge. The Leo is in office as long as he is not abandon it, or is not removed by a local group (community) or one of the superior officers listed in sections II.A-E with the permission of the local group (if available).
III. COLLEGIAL BODIES
. The Collegium Patrum is the main collegial body, which deals with administrative, legal, organizational and judicial matters. The Collegium Patrum consists of Fathers and Pater Patrum, who is head of the Collegium and may call a meeting of the Collegium Patrum.
B. The Officium is an appeals body, as well as the body responsible for the doctrine of faith and religious issues. The Officium consists the superior officers listed in sections II.A-D and headed by Pater Patrum or designated Pater, who may call a meeting of Officium.
C. The Consilium is an assembly of all the members of the Collegium. Consilium is called by the Pater Patrum or the Collegium Patrum, chairman of the Consilium is the Pater Patrum or the Pater.
A. The Voting Membership in the Cultus shall be constituted by one who is a registered citizen of the Roman Republic Cultural Group and listed in registry of members of the Collegium (Cultus).
B. Each member shall be entitled to one (1) vote in any collegial body, in which member has a right to vote. In the case of a tie vote, the Pater Patrum or another presiding officer of the collegial body shall be allowed to cast a second vote to break the tie.
C. Voting may be done in any matter that is fair and equal to the membership, and that is chosen by the sitting Pater Patrum or another presiding officer of the collegial body.
D. Electronic voting may be conducted online as long as the voting period lasts at least seven (7) days, so that all members can vote. If all members of the collegial body voted, the voting period by the decision of the presiding officer, can be completed ahead of schedule. This may be by electronic polling, by message response, or by other means.
E. The registery of the Collegium`s members is administered by the officer of the Collegium Patrum, who makes changes on it on behalf of a superior officer or the Collegium Patrum.
F. Collegium members are divided into two categories, the first category are those who are mithraists and believers of Cultus Mithrae, the second category includes those who does not belong to the first category. Those in the first category are called Mithraists, persons of the second category are called profane. Courteous treatment for persons of the first category of members is «frater» («brother») or «soror» («sister»).
G. All members, except for those who hold offices listed in sections II.A-E, and who is not profanes, are divided into three categories (grades of initiation):
1) Miles (Soldier) - the highest degree of initiation for those who do not have the priestly rank, and have a broad knowledge in the field of Mithraism and philosophy, deserved public esteem and make a significant contribution to the development of the cult of Mithra;
2) Nymphus (Bridegroom) or Gryphus - second degree of initiation for Mithraists, indicating a broad knowledge in the field of philosophy and Mithraism;
3) Corax (Raven) - ordinary member.
The degrees of initiation are assigned sequentially from the lowest to the highest, except in special cases determined by the Collegium Patrum.
H. All members who hold offices listed in sections II.A-E are the priests of Mithra, they can organize and carry out the mysteries of Mithras, as well as to apply to the competent authorities of the Roman Republic for priestly status (Sacerdos).
I. Membership in the Collegium is open equally to all persons regardless of gender. If a female person holds any office, the title of this office for her varies according to gender, if necessary.
V. GOOD STANDING REQUIREMENT
A. Members of the Collegium must remain in good standing with the Cultus Mithrae. A member may be removed from the Collegium membership by:
1. Engaging in actions that would cause damage to the well-being and reputation of the Cultus Mithrae, Collegium and its members;
2. Resigning membership in the group;
3. The loss of Roman citizenship.
VI. CONFLICT RESOLUTION PROCESSES
A. All Cultus Mithrae members should attempt to work issues out between themselves first.
B. If members in conflict cannot reach an agreement between themselves, then they may ask a member, multiple members or the entire group to mediate their issues.
C. If no agreement can be reached through the mediation process, then the matter shall be brought before the Pater Patrum, who shall act as Arbitrator. The decision of the Arbitrator is final.
VII. GROUP DENARII TRANSFERS
A. The Cultus Mithrae may authorize group denarii transfers by majority vote of the Collegium Patrum, subject to the approval of the Pater Patrum.
VIII. FORMATION AND DISSOLUTION
A. The Cultus Mithrae is hereby formed as a Collegium of the Roman Republic Cultural Group.
B. The Cultus Mithrae may be dissolved by unanimous vote of the Officium, subject to the approval of the Pater Patrum.
C. In the event the Cultus Mithrae is dissolved, any denarii left in the group account must be distributed to the Senate of the Roman Republic Cultural Group or another Roman Republic Cultural Group collegium as determined by a majority vote of the voting members.
IX. GROUP MEETINGS
A. The Cultus Mithrae may hold group meetings, either in person or electronically, as needed or required.
B. Members must be notified of all meetings to which they are entitled to participate at least three (3) days prior to said meeting.
C. Minutes of meetings shall not be required to be kept if the meeting occurs via the Collegium`s main forum, which will serve as the historical record of the Cultus Mithrae. In the event a macronational face-to-face or online/telephone conference is held, minutes may be kept and posted to the Collegium`s main forum. The decision to record minutes of any meeting held other than on the Collegium`s main forum is at the sole discretion and decision of the presiding officer.
A. These By-Laws may be amended by three-quarters vote of the Consilium.
B. Thirty (30) days notice must be given to all voting members prior to the called meeting to discuss the By-Laws. A voting period shall follow immediately after the discussion meeting, following the aforementioned 7-day voting period format.