Calendar for Ianuarius (January) announced / updated

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Calendar for Ianuarius (January) announced / updated

Postby Publius Iunius Brutus » Mon Jan 02, 2017 5:06 am

Brutus sal.

The calendar for the new month can be viewed here: http://romanrepublic.org/bibliotheca/wiki/calendar.html

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For this month Scullard in Festivals and Ceremonies of the Roman Republic in states:
Varro, who divided the agricultural year into eight periods, indicates that the eighth (from the solstice until the beginning of the west wind, Favonius, on 7 February, was rather a time for tidying up and odd jobs than for really strenuous work. Columella says that the more scrupulous husbandmen refrain from work on the soil until 13 January, except that on 1 January they make a beginning of work of every kind to ensure good luck. He then details the sort of jobs that are appropriate to the second half of the month.

January includes two very old festivals marked in the calendars, the Agonia and Carmentalia. At the former sacrifice was to Janus, the god of beginnings, while the latter was concerned with child-birth and family hopes. However, when January became the first month of the official year, it opened with civic as well as religious activities.
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