Curiate Assembly / Comitia Curiata

The Modern Res Publica

The assets of the organization, the Roman Republic, are regulated by the Curiate Assembly. The daily management of the organization is intrusted to the officers of the Roman Republic who are elected magistrates which are ratified by the Curiate Assembly.

The members of the Curiate Assembly are called Lictores Curiati. There are a maximum of thirty members on this assembly. New Lictores Curiati are selected by the members of the Curiate Assembly and hold this position for life as long as they remain in good standing (active and paying annual tax). Annually the Curiate Assembly elects one individual to be Lictor Curiatus Magister for a term of three years. There are a total of three individuals in this position and collectivly they serve as the board of directors for the Roman Republic and head the Curiate Assembly. The Curiate Assembly serves as a liaison between the Roman Republic and other independent organizations and entities and helps insure the effective management of the non-profit aspects of the Roman Republic.

The Historical Res Publica

Historically the Curiate Assembly was the principal assembly during the first two decades of the Roman Republic. During these first decades, the People of Rome were organized into thirty units called "Curiae". The Curiate Assembly formed an assembly of representitives from the Curiae for legislative, electoral, and judicial purposes. Shortly after the founding of the republic, the powers of the Curiate Assembly were transferred to the Centuriate Assembly and the Tribal Assembly. The Curiate Assembly did retain some theoretical powers, most importantly, the power to ratify elections of the top-ranking Magistrates vt granting "Imperium". This gave high ranking magistrates their legal command (Imperium). Acts that the Curiate Assembly voted on were mostly symbolic and usually in the affirmative. At one point, possibly as early as 218 BC, the Curiate Assembly's thirty Curiae were abolished, and replaced with thirty lictors, one from each of the original Patrician families. Since the Curiae had always been organized on the basis of the Roman family it retained jurisdiction over family matters even after the fall of the Roman Republic. This assembly for most of the Republic was under the presidency of the Pontifex Maximus. It also witnessed wills and ratified adoptions, inaugurated certain priests, and transfered citizens from Patrician class to Plebeian class (or vice versa).

Members of the Comitia Curiata