Cultus Deorum Books

Below is a list of academic works that are suggested reading for those interested in learning specific details about the historical Cultus Deorum Romanorum.

Suggested First Books:

Listed in suggested order of reading:

I) Scheid, John, and Janet Lloyd. An Introduction to Roman Religion. Bloomington: Indiana UP, 2003. (Buy on Amazon)

II) Ogilvie, R. M. The Romans and Their Gods in the Age of Augustus. New York: Norton, 1970. (Buy on Amazon)

III) Beard, Mary, John North, and S. R. F. Price. Religions of Rome. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1998. (Buy on Amazon (Vol. 1) & Buy on Amazon (Vol. 2))

Comprehensive List of Books

1) Henig, Martin, and Anthony King. Pagan Gods and Shrines of the Roman Empire. Oxford: Oxford U Committee for Archaeology, 1986.

2) Stamper, John W. The Architecture of Roman Temples: The Republic to the Middle Empire. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge UP, 2005.

3) Beard, Mary, John North, and S. R. F. Price. Religions of Rome. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1998.

4) Cumont, Franz. After Life in Roman Paganism; Lectures Delivered at Yale University on the Silliman Foundation. New York: Dover Publications, 1959.

5) Kauppi, Lynn Allan. Foreign but Familiar Gods: Greco-Romans Read Religion in Acts. London: T & T Clark, 2006.

6) Thomson, De Grummond Nancy, and Erika Simon. The Religion of the Etruscans. Austin: U of Texas, 2006.

7) Stek, Tesse Dieder. Cult Places and Cultural Change in Republican Italy: A Contextual Approach to Religious Aspects of Rural Society after the Roman Conquest. Amsterdam: Amsterdam UP, 2009.

8) Rasmussen, Susanne William. Public Portents in Republican Rome. Rome: “L’Erma” Di Bretschneider, 2003. Print.

9) Scullard, H. H. Festivals and Ceremonies of the Roman Republic. Ithaca, NY: Cornell UP, 1981.

10) Preibisch, Paul, and Paul Preibisch. Two Studies on the Roman Pontifices. New York: Arno, 1975.

11) Tripolitis, Antonia. Religions of the Hellenistic-Roman Age. Grand Rapids, MI: W.B. Eerdmans, 2002.

12) Takács, Sarolta A. Vestal Virgins, Sibyls, and Matrons: Women in Roman Religion. Austin, TX: U of Texas, 2008.

13) Rüpke, Jörg. A Companion to Roman Religion. Malden, MA: Blackwell Pub., 2007.

14) Ziolkowski, Adam. The Temples of Mid-Republican Rome and Their Historical and Topographical Context. Roma: “L’Erma” Di Bretschneider, 1992.

15) Ferguson, John. The Religions of the Roman Empire. Ithaca, NY: Cornell UP, 1970.

16) Szemler, G. J. The Priests of the Roman Republic. A Study of Interactions between Priesthoods and Magistracies. Bruxelles: Latomus, 1972.

17) Bispham, Edward, and Christopher John Smith. Religion in Archaic and Republican Rome and Italy: Evidence and Experience. Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn, 2000.

18) Harvey, Paul B., and Celia E. Schultz. Religion in Republican Italy. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge UP, 2006.

19) Parke, H. W., and B. C. McGing. Sibyls and Sibylline Prophecy in Classical Antiquity. London: Routledge, 1988.

20) Annus, Amar. Divination and Interpretation of Signs in the Ancient World. Chicago, IL: Oriental Institute of the U of Chicago, 2010.

21) MacBain, Bruce. Prodigy and Expiation: A Study in Religion and Politics in Republican Rome. Bruxelles: Latomus, 1982.

22) Clark, Anna. Divine Qualities: Cult and Community in Republican Rome. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2007.

23) Hersch, Karen K. The Roman Wedding: Ritual and Meaning in Antiquity. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2010.

24) Beerden, Kim. Worlds Full of Signs: Ancient Greek Divination in Context.

25) Tellegen-Couperus, O. E. Law and Religion in the Roman Republic. Leiden: Brill, 2012.

26) Bodel, John P., and Saul M. Olyan. Household and Family Religion in Antiquity. Malden, MA: Blackwell Pub., 2008.

27) Lipka, Michael. Roman Gods: A Conceptual Approach. Leiden: Brill, 2009.

28) Schultz, Celia E. Women’s Religious Activity in the Roman Republic. Chapel Hill, NC: U of North Carolina, 2006.

29) Várhelyi, Zsuzsanna. The Religion of Senators in the Roman Empire: Power and the beyond. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2010.

30) Mueller, Hans-Friedrich. Roman Religion in Valerius Maximus. London: Routledge, 2002.

31) Staples, Ariadne. From Good Goddess to Vestal Virgins: Sex and Category in Roman Religion. London: Routledge, 1998.

32) Johnston, Sarah Iles. Ancient Greek Divination. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell Pub., 2008.

33) Feeney, D. C. Literature and Religion at Rome: Cultures, Contexts, and Beliefs. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1998.

34) Scheid, John, Clifford Ando, and John Scheid. The Gods, the State, and the Individual: Reflections on Civic Religion in Rome., 2016.

35) Knust, Jennifer Wright, and Zsuzsanna Várhelyi. Ancient Mediterranean Sacrifice. New York: Oxford UP, 2011.

36) Ando, Clifford. Roman Religion. Edinburgh: Edinburgh UP, 2003.

37) Smoke Signals for the Gods: Ancient Greek Sacrifice from the Archaic Through Roman Periods. S.l.: Oxford UP, 2015.

38) Ando, Clifford. The Matter of the Gods: Religion and the Roman Empire. Berkeley: U of California, 2008.

39) MacMullen, Ramsay. Paganism in the Roman Empire. New Haven: Yale UP, 1981.

40) Scheid, John, and Janet Lloyd. An Introduction to Roman Religion. Bloomington: Indiana UP, 2003.

41) Adkins, Lesley, and Roy Adkins. Dictionary of Roman Religion. New York: Facts on File, 1996.

42) Vaahtera, Jyri. Roman Augural Lore in Greek Historiography: A Study of the Theory and Terminology. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner, 2001.

43) Warrior, Valerie M. Roman Religion: A Sourcebook. Newburyport, MA: Focus Pub./R. Pullins, 2002.

44) Turcan, Robert. The Gods of Ancient Rome: Religion in Everyday Life from Archaic to Imperial times. New York: Routledge, 2001.

45) Turcan, Robert. The Cults of the Roman Empire. Oxford, UK: Blackwell, 1996.

46) Ogilvie, R. M. The Romans and Their Gods in the Age of Augustus. New York: Norton, 1970.

47) Wildfang, Robin Lorsch., and Jacob Isager. Divination and Portents in the Roman World. Odense: Odense UP, 2000.

48) Beard, Mary, and John North. Pagan Priests: Religion and Power in the Ancient World. Ithaca, NY: Cornell UP, 1990.

49) Santangelo, Federico. Divination, Prediction and the End of the Roman Republic., 2013

50) Smith, Rowland. Julian’s Gods: Religion and Philosophy in the Thought and Action of Julian the Apostate. London: Routledge, 1995.

51) Hope, Valerie M. Roman Death: Dying and the Dead in Ancient Rome. London: Continuum, 2009.

52) Orr, David Gerald. Roman Domestic Religion: A Study of the Roman Household Deities and Their Shrines at Pompeii and Herculaneum, 1972.

53) Vanggaard, Jens H. The Flamen: A Study in the History and Sociology of Roman Religion. Copenhagen: Museum Tusculanum, 1988.

54) Rüpke, Jörg. On Roman Religion: Lived Religion and the Individual in Ancient Rome. Cornell University Press, 2016.

55) Sofroniew, Alexandra. Household Gods: Private Devotion in Ancient Greece and Rome. J. Paul Getty Museum, 2016.

56) MacRae, Duncan. Legible Religion: Books, Gods, and Rituals in Roman Culture. Harvard University Press, 2016.

57) Szabo, Csaba. Sanctuaries in Roman Dacia: Materiality and Religious Experience. Archaeopress Archaeology, 2019.

58) Esposito, Alessandra. Performing the Sacra: Priestly roles and their organisation in Roman Britain , Archaeopress Archaeology, 2019.

59) Panoussi, Vassiliki. Brides, Mourners, Bacchae: Women’s Rituals in Roman Literature. Johns Hopkins University Press, 2019.

60) Nixey, Catherine. The Darkening Age: The Christian Destruction of the Classical World. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2018.

61) Driediger-Murphy, Lindsay. Roman Republican Augury. Oxford University Press, 2019.

62) Aldhouse-Green, Miranda. Sacred Britannia: The Gods and Rituals of Roman Britain. Thames & Hudson, 2018.

63) Miano, Daniele. Fortuna: Deity and Concept in Archaic and Republican Italy. OUP Oxford, 2018.

64) Faraone, Christopher. Greek and Roman Animal Sacrifice. Cambridge University Press, 2012.

65) Rüpke, Jörg. Pantheon: A New History of Roman Religion. Princeton University Press, 2018.

66) Haeussler, Ralph. Celtic Religions in the Roman Period: Personal, Local, and Global. Celtic Studies Publications, 2018.

67)  Scheid, John. Quand faire, c’est croire : Les rites sacrificiels des Romains. Editions Aubier, 2011.

68) Flower, Harriet. The Dancing Lares and the Serpent in the Garden: Religion at the Roman Street Corner. Princeton University Press, 2017.

69) Champion, Craige. The Peace of the Gods: Elite Religious Practices in the Middle Roman Republic. Princeton University Press, 2017.

70) DiLuzio, Meghan. A Place at the Altar: Priestesses in Republican Rome. Princeton University Press, 2016.

71) Hunt, Ailsa. Reviving Roman Religion: Sacred Trees in the Roman World. Cambridge University Press, 2016.

72) Spaeth, Barbette Stanley. The Roman Goddess Ceres. University of Texas Press, 1996.

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