New Citizen's Guide (About citizenship status)

Every citizen of the Roman Republic has one of three possible labels attached to their citizenship at any given time. These labels are changed by the censors (secretaries) for various reasons that are outlined below. Citizenship status most often is adjusted during the annual census of the membership which usually occurs in the late summer or early autumn. 

The three types of citizenship status are:

I. Optimo Iure (Good Standing)

These are full citizens without any prohibitions placed upon their membership. To maintain this status one must do one of the following every year:

These citizens are eligible to be ranked to any electoral tribe or century they qualify for and have no restrictions placed upon their membership. 

Note, only Optimo Iure citizens are eligible to stand for election in the Roman Republic or hold leadership positions.

II. Capitis Absens (Probationary Standing)

These are citizens who are on probation due to not fulfilling the basic requirements to maintain good standing in the Roman Republic. To obtain this status one must have done all of the following over the past year:

These citizens may have responded to the annual census.

Alternatively, the censors may make a citizen capitis absens if they fail to abide to the rules of the Roman Republic.

Citizens that are capitis absens are automatically relegated to the least influential electoral tribe and century and may have other restrictions placed upon their membership.

III. Incensus (Missing)

These are citizens who over the last 12 months failed to do all of the following:

These citizens are treated like being capitis absens, but with one major difference. If one is incensus for two consecutive years their citizenship is deactivated.

If a citizen is incensus they may contact the censors at any time to have their status immediately changed to capitis absens. You may also email director@romanrepublic.org. In doing this, one may only be upgraded to optimo iure status after the next census assuming they meet the requirements for holding such standing upon the next census. 

Historical Incensus

A person who absented himself from the census was considered incensus and subject to the severest punishment. King Servius Tullius is said to have threatened such individuals with imprisonment and death, and in the Republican period, incensus resulted in possible forfeiture of citizenship and one might be sold by the state as a slave.  In later times the censors sent commissioners into the provinces with full powers to take the census of the Romans there. 

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