DECLARATION OF FOUNDATION OF THE
ROMAN REPUBLIC: RES·PVBLICA·ROMANA
As descendants of ancient Rome and with history originating from that of the ancient Roman people we have gathered from around the world in international fellowship. United today on, Kal. Mart. MMDCCLXIX a.u.c. (March 1, 2016), we affirm and declare the re-establishment of the Senate and People of Rome. In this act, we declare a modern Roman Republic, the Res Publica Romana (Roman Republic), which is to be a cultural and spiritual self-governing nation. This nation shall include all those who voluntarily desire to live and culturally identify as Romans in the present day.
The primary purpose of the Res Publica Romana is to promote activity which will facilitate the restoration of a Roman society. Furthermore, the Res Publica Romana is to assist those who desire to incorporate Roman culture and religion into their life, and to provide a structured cultural and spiritual self-governing national community for those who decide to live their lives as Romans.
The Res Publica Romana delineates the ancient Roman culture being restored as that which existed in all its various forms between 753 BCE, with the founding of the city of Rome, until 382 CE, when the Altar of Victory was removed from the ancient Roman Senate.
The Res Publica Romana is committed to the restoration of Roman culture and religion as it existed in antiquity. Due to the passage of time we acknowledge that the exact restoration is not always possible or desirable. This is due to the societal changes which have occurred over time and fragmented evidence preventing an identical restoration of ancient practices. Keeping this in mind, the Res Publica Romana pledges to restore Roman culture and religion as accurately as possible using the best available and reliable academic evidence. Furthermore, when new evidence becomes available it is to be incorporated into practices whenever possible. When exact practices are unknown, not practical, or only partially understood the most accurate academic sources shall be used to supplement an approximate, well researched and plausible alternative. If more accurate information is obtained or other obstacles surmounted at a later date then the most historically accurate practices should take precedence if compatible with the other elements of this declaration.
To achieve these aims described the Res Publica Romana is dedicated towards the following objectives:
i) To represent the interests of those who partake and live a restored Roman culture and/or religion and all of its associated practices;
ii) To preserve and promote the unity of a worldwide community who self-identify as Romans;
iii) To coordinate and facilitate the scholarly recreation of ancient Roman culture and all associated practices, such as, but not limited to, religion, art, literature, philosophy, architecture, language, and history, as well as general education on these topics;
iv) To fund and support original academic research to further an accurate cultural understanding of ancient Rome;
v) To take measures to promote literacy and the regular use of the Roman language of Latin;
vi) To serve as a facilitator of a restored Roman Religion (Cultus Deorum Romanorum) in regards to public ritual and to assist and aid a restored, independent and active Collegium Pontificum;
vii) Assisting the Collegium Pontificum in promoting the public Cultus Deorum Romanorum within the Res Publica Romana national community. The Collegium Pontificum is to have a primary role in all affairs regarding the practice of the public Cultus Deorum and maintenance of the Pax Deorum. The Collegium Pontificum will also have a role within education on spiritual traditions relevant to the practice of the Cultus Deorum;
viii) To work with the Collegium Pontificum in promoting and teaching the ancient Roman public and personal virtues in all activities facilitated by the Res Publica;
ix) To provide both regional and worldwide community administration of a nation of Romans structured as closely as possible upon the principles of the ancient Roman Republic. National governance and logistical direction is to be provided by a Senate and magistrates. The assemblies of the Roman People are to be the highest governing bodies of the Res Publica Romana;
x) To promote high-quality reenactment events related to ancient Rome as a means of scholarship, outreach, and cultural expression and to provide a forum for reenactors to collaborate collectively;
xi) To act as a medium by which goods and services relating to the restoration and education of Roman culture may be sold and traded;
xii) To retain the ability to levy membership fees from registered members (citizens);
xiii) To work towards the eventual establishment of physical communities, within existing international borders, where a member (citizen) has the choice of living, working, raising a family and socializing amongst other Romans if they choose;
This declaration in affirming the restoration of the Res Publica Romana guarantees the following:
i) In forming a nation of Romans the Res Publica Romana rejects violence, coercion or any other activity deemed illegal in pursuit of its aims;
ii) To reject all forms of discrimination, including, but not limited to that motivated by ethnicity, gender, country of residence, sexual orientation or faith practiced;
iii) To provide all Romans who are citizens of the Res Publica Romana a forum to communicate as a united community of Romans;
iv) The recognition of two millennia of advances regarding human and animal rights. In this recognition, we pledge to respect, support and promote human and animal rights at all times within our nation;
v) Regular elections by which those who hold membership (citizenship) may voice opinions freely;
vi) No citizen may be penalized by any member (citizen) operating in an official capacity on behalf of the Res Publica without having the opportunity to undergo a fair and transparent review and appeals process;
vii) To provide regular financial transparency by providing annual detailed reports to all registered citizens and to insist upon competitive bidding procedures for all contracts signed by national and regional administrations;
viii) To insist that all officials, including recognized pontifices/augurs and other such figures demonstrate procedural transparency at all times and to provide accurate and detailed records to all registered citizens upon request and to the general populace on an annual basis;
ix) The primacy of national spiritual leadership is to be held by a Collegium Pontificum. This leading role in affairs pertaining to the Cultus Deorum Romanorum is to be respected and protected;
x) The rejection of political extremism promoting intolerance. This includes but is not limited to any fascist political ideology;
xi) The official religion of the Res Publica is to be publicly that of the ancient Roman religion (Cultus Deorum Romanorum)
xii) The freedom to follow, discuss and practice any personal faith as a private member (citizen) without discrimination or harassment. Mutual respect and tolerance towards all faiths and spiritual practices are to be held in the highest regard; no one is to be regarded as less or more Roman based solely on their private personal religious practices;
Through the affirmation of this declaration the modern Res Publica Romana establishes itself as the cultural and spiritual heir to ancient Rome. We look towards our ancestors and will be guided by the many wise and insightful individuals whose works and acts laid the foundation of Western Civilization. We believe the time has arrived to take up the torch of our spiritual ancestors and to set forth on the next great enterprise in restoring and uniting the Roman people into a self-governing cultural and spiritual nation. We embark on this task under the guidance of the restored Senate and her elected and appointed magistrates, in accordance with the Collegium Pontificum, who together act as servants to the people of Rome.
We make this declaration while recalling the names and courage of our forebears and in front of the Gods and Goddesses of Rome. May they support this act and be pleased by it while bearing witness to the virtue and justice of our intent.
In support of this Declaration, we mutually pledge to each other our support, fortunes, and honor.
Aulus Aelius Volusus
Gaius Atius Victor
Gaius Claudius Quadratus
Gaius Florius Lupus
Gaius Quinctius Flamininus
Lucia Hostilia Scaura
Lucius Curtius Philo
Lucius Vitellius Triarius
Marcus Flavius Celsus
Marcus Octavius Gracchus
Numerius Iulius Dolabella
Publius Iunius Brutus
Tiberia Salvia Albina
Titus Asinius Dento
Titus Flavius Severus
Ratified – Kal. Mart. T. Flavio P. Iunio Cos.