Date(s) - 15/10/2020
The Capitoline Games were not public Games but organized privately by the College of Capitolini. The origin of the Games is uncertain but was it was attributed to Romulus or to Camillus who had founded them to celebrate either the saving of the Capitol from the Gauls (Livy) or the conquest of Veii (Plutarch and Festus). By the later republic, both events were likely commemorated by the games.
Plutarch: says that at these Games a proclamation was made that ‘Sardians are for sale’ and an ‘old man, wearing a child’s bulla round his neck, was led about in mockery’. Plutarch identified this old man with the defeated king of Veii who was sold by auction along with other prisoners. Plutarch then explains that the Sardians were really Etruscans from Veii who had originally come from Sardis in Lydia.
The games honour of Jupiter Feretrius and Jupiter Optimus Maximus.
The temple of Jupiter Feretrius, which was the oldest in Rome and was small, was traditionally built by Romulus to commemorate his winning the spolia opima. This temple contained no statue of the god, but only a sceptre and a flint. The flint, originally probably a meteoric
stone, was used by the Fetial priests in the ritual of treaty-making.
Virgil explains how Romulus built a temple to Jupiter Feretrius and had greased hides spread out and held Games so that men fought with
gauntlets and competed in running and that the competitors were, rubbed down with oil.
It is suspected that these games primarily focused upon athletic competitions such as running, wrestling and other traditional sports. The Fetial priests and Flamen Dialis likely had a role in the events of the day.