Date(s) - 25/04/2021
The festival of Robigalia was celebrated in honour of Robigus or Robigo (the Romans were uncertain of the sex), the deity of blight, red rust or mildew. This God protects against mould that can harm crops. Thus, this is an ancient agricultural festival. Its institution
was attributed by Pliny to Numa. The cult of Robigus was attended by the priest of Quirinus (flamen Quirinalis) and Robigus likely had connections to the cult of Quirinus.
Ovid states that while returning to Rome he met a white-robed crowd led by the flamen Quirinalis on his way to the grove of Robigus to throw into the sacrificial flames the entrails of a puppy and of a sheep sacrificed to Robigus. Ovid says that he saw the priest, who had a cloth in his right hand, cast wine, incense and the entrails on to the fire and heard the prayers to Robigus to protect the crops. This ceremony coincides with the start of the heat of summer which can cause damage to corps and in wetter areas can lead to mildew formation.